Alcohol & Migraines: Can Drinking Cause a Migraine Headache?

Drinking problems occur in every age, but in the 25–49 age group, alcohol has the highest impact on mortality caused by cancer deaths and also life disability [24, 25]. Nausea and/or vomiting is just one of many symptoms a person living with migraine might experience. Because migraine is a highly nuanced disease, it is important to learn about all possible symptoms that may appear before, during or after a migraine attack, including less common ones such as aura. If alcohol is a confirmed trigger for your migraine, then avoiding alcohol is the best solution. If you’re unsure whether alcohol is triggering your migraine, keep a detailed migraine journal that includes any foods and alcohol consumed throughout the week. This will be a valuable resource for you and your doctor to start identifying more specific migraine triggers. As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content. We know that if we treat the underlying cause, we can make great strides in helping migraine patients live pain-free. Light sensitivity is a common symptom of migraine (as is sensitivity to sounds or smells), but not everyone who has the disease will experience it. While migraine thankfully does not affect fertility, it can complicate conversations about family planning and infertility treatments. A List of Common Foods That Can Trigger Migraines At the time of the study, the app was only available to users of iOS. As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content. Please note the date of last review or update on all cocaine crack articles. Sign up for free and stay up to date on research advancements, health tips, current health topics, and expertise on managing health. Generally, these episodes resolve within a few hours but can last up to a whole day. Sign up for our Newsletter to get weekly fresh content Therefore, if ADs are definitely confirmed a common trigger of various primary headaches, some of which with phenotypic overlap, it is more plausible that they act probably at a common central cortical or subcortical levels. Results of the logistic regression models of the log odds of migraine attack in relation to alcohol consumption. If you know a migraine is likely to come on and plan to drink anyway, triptans can help. When should I see my healthcare provider about headaches? Whether you have lived with migraine for a few months or a few decades, you know migraine can be a challenging experience. You should continue to seek proper medical attention and access information to help alleviate the burden. We recommend taking a look at our patient guides, which include useful information like how to talk to your doctor about migraine. Each cluster period may start at about the same time of year and last about the same length of time. Find a Doctor Dr. Crystal recommends keeping a migraine diary on a daily basis. Recording what you’re eating, drinking, and doing before, after, and during an attack can help you pinpoint patterns in attacks and triggers. Dr. Green cautions, however, that stopping drinking may not resolve the entire problem. Why does red wine cause headaches and migraine? Bring that diary with you to your follow-up appointments with your doctor to review. The S is for stress management to help manage migraine attacks triggered by stress. Consider therapy, mindfulness, biofeedback, and other relaxation techniques that work for you. Whereas the World Health Organization (WHO) states that there is no safe alcohol dose [19], Panconesi et al. conclude that low consumption is not a contraindication for headache patients [79]. However, each patient makes individual decisions based on their own experience. Headache after a certain amount of alcohol is likely to induce behavioral reactions (i.e., alcohol-intake adjustment). Can Alcohol Trigger Migraine Headaches? Of the 1,547 participants, 783 said that alcohol was a trigger, and 195 were not sure. People who experienced migraine with alcohol were more likely to have migraine with aura and to experience more migraine days and more frequent attacks. We asked the experts about the relationship between drinking and headaches to determine why and how alcohol specifically triggers headaches or migraine attacks. If you’ve had a tough day at work or a stressful interaction with someone, drinking alcohol might not be the best way of coping. My prescriptions generally go to the pharmacy and not the liquor store. But there are a few secrets to consuming alcohol without the alcohol-induced headache. Therefore, the release of 5-HT possibly from central stores could represent a plausible mechanism for wine induced headache. As long as you don’t eat meals containing other triggers, this is one of the best things you can do. By giving your provider as much information as possible about your headaches, you’re more likely to get an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan that will help you feel better. Avoiding adhd and alcohol perfumes and scented products can make a big difference in how many headaches you have. The same goes for other common triggers like troublesome foods, lack of sleep and poor posture. While red wine has been described as a dominant trigger of migraines and cluster headaches, white wine, champagne, sparkling wines, and beer have also been linked to headaches. ADs have been reported to trigger the principal types of primary headaches. While the results in MO and CH are in relative agreement, those in MA and TH are discordant. However, if the role of ADs in triggering MA and TH will be confirmed, a common trigger site should be considered. In this case, a direct action at the vascular system is hardly compatible with TH or MA. Then, the discussion based on the different composition of the various alcoholic beverages, in order to discover the content of alcoholic drinks responsible for migraine attack, reflects this uncertainty. Biogenic amines, sulphites, flavonoid phenols, 5-hydroxytryptamine mechanisms and vasodilating effects are discussed. The fact that few headache patients cannot drug-induced tremor tolerate some alcoholic

Addiction: Definition, symptoms, withdrawal, and treatment

Alcohol use is popular on social occasions, but it can be especially tricky to notice when social drinking slides into alcohol use disorder. It may be that a person consumes more drinks than usual in one sitting. Or a person might start consuming alcohol before a social event, or even early in the day. People developing problem use might look for socially acceptable reasons to have a drink, or they might start concealing their alcohol consumption from others around them. A compulsion to continue the behavior despite consequences and efforts to stop makes behavioral change difficult, but not impossible. Treatments are available, including different types of therapy and lifestyle changes. What are the signs of addiction? Similarly, unemployment is a significant independent risk factor for substance use and for relapse after treatment. Researchers have long observed that alcohol use increases during recessions. Psychological dependence is a term sometimes can you smoke shrooms read this before you do used to indicate the mental processes of addiction, but it has no real meaning given current understanding of the way the brain works. There is no real difference between physical addiction and psychological addiction. How can I prevent substance use disorder? Medications can help modify your brain chemistry to help treat certain SUDs. Adolescents are especially at risk for developing SUD due to exposure. Adolescents who start using substances early are more likely to develop an SUD. About 70% percent of people who began using at age 13 have an SUD compared to 27% who started at age 17. Studies show that genetic factors are responsible for 40% to 60% of the vulnerability to any substance use disorder. Psychological and physical addiction: What’s the difference? But detoxifying the body and managing withdrawal are just the start; they stabilize the body. Removing the drug does not instill understanding of the underlying causes of the addiction. Nor does it repair damage done, provide needed psychological and behavioral skills, or furnish a goal in life, something necessary for creating feelings of reward that the substance formerly provided. Addiction vs. Dependence When six or more symptoms are present, the condition is considered severe. But just because addiction runs in the family does not necessarily mean a person will develop one. Substance misuse does not always lead to addiction, while addiction involves the regular misuse of substances or engagements in harmful behavior. Addiction is an inability to stop using a substance or engaging in a behavior even though it may cause psychological or physical harm. For example, some people have a dependence on their blood pressure medication. It’s important to know what the many treatment options are and at least as challenging to know which would be best fit for any individual, to say nothing of figuring out how to pay for it. Social Media Addiction He always goes to the same shop at the same time, always uses his lucky pen, and chooses his numbers with care after examining the results of the 12 previous weeks, where he identifies patterns. The cognitive theory explains gambling in terms of irrational/ maladaptive thought processes. This means that gambling is rewarded not only by winning but also by nearly winning, as Alice has done a few times, which makes gambling even more addictive. According to this theory, the behavior of gambling is maintained by direct positive reinforcement, in Alice’s case, winning on two occasions. Prolonged use of nicotine creates an association between these factors and smoking. Another marker of addiction and criterion for diagnosis is that the person spends a great deal of time involved with the substance/behavior—ob­taining it, using it, or recovering from its effects. A person cannot get addicted to a substance without exposure to the substance, but exposure alone does not lead to addiction. One use of a substance can produce a pleasurable effect that motivates interest in repeating the experience. But the experience of pleasure is relative; it hinges in part on biology and very much on what else there is going on in a persons life that is meaningful or rewarding. Biological factors such as enzyme profile can influence the amount of alcohol people ingest, the pleasantness of the experience, harmful effects on the body, and the development of disease. How the body metabolizes, or breaks down and eliminates, foreign substances such as drugs or alcohol is heavily dependent on the presence of various enzymes, and they may vary significantly between individuals and even between ethnic groups. He always says that the first cigarette in the morning is the best cigarette of the day. Furthermore, the prolonged use of nicotine results in an increase in the number of nicotinic receptors. Additionally, the ACh increased transmission is accompanied by a decrease in dopamine activity. The link between personality and addiction is still being investigated, and one factor seems key to addiction, impulsivity. The same survey counted 7.0 percent of adults as heavy users of alcohol in the past month, including 8.2 percent of full-time college students and 6.4 percent of other non-college peers. Here’s why these two Netflix series speedball drug what is speedballing and how dangerous is it? need to be on your mental health watch-list. Substance use is a treatable condition and complete remission is entirely possible. Recovery, however, is often a long-term process that may involve multiple attempts. Variably called peer support, self-help, or mutual help organizations, the social support of peers is one of the best-known addiction recovery mechanisms. Meetings of such groups exist in communities worldwide and are free to all who attend. Attendees share their addiction and recovery experiences and the recovery skills they’ve acquired. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is the oldest and largest such group, with about 2 million members attending meetings in community centers, church basements, and, often, addiction treatment centers. In both AA and Narcotics Anonymous (NA), attendees pledge to follow a 12-Step Program that requires an admission of powerlessness and makes numerous references to god. For that reason and others—AA has popularized the disease model of

Alcoholism And COPD Does Alcohol Affect COPD?

Studies even show that chronic, heavy drinkers are more prone to contracting contagious diseases like pneumonia, tuberculosis, and HIV. It also makes it harder to fight off any sicknesses you already have, meaning you might stay sick longer and experience worse symptoms. Over a long period of time, heavy alcohol use can cause permanent damage to the kidneys, including kidney enlargement and dysfunction in the balance of hormones that regulate kidney function. Small amounts of alcohol are not enough to cause any permanent damage to your liver, but when you drink too much at once, the liver gets overloaded with metabolites and becomes inflamed. Over time, this inflammation can lead to permanent scarring in the liver and fatty liver disease. Alcohol’s Effects on Lung Health and Immunity “Allergic and asthmatic reactions to alcoholic drinks.” Addiction Biology, June 9, 2006. Abstaining from alcohol may improve the diffusing capacity of your lungs. Some studies suggest that moderate alcohol use may be linked to a lower risk of COPD. Clinical Studies of Alcohol and Asthma This drug can interact with certain supplements and other medications, such as clarithromycin and furosemide. Your provider will tell you when you need to come in for checkups and tests. Talk with your provider to learn more about your prognosis and how to manage your condition. Pulmonary hypertension can be difficult to diagnose since many signs of PH are similar to those of other conditions. How Alcohol is Linked to COPD It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers. While small quantities of alcohol may be safe, heavy drinking can make COPD symptoms worse. One study found that among COPD patients who were discharged from the hospital, those who struggled with alcoholism were more likely to require readmission to the hospital within 30 days. Some research shows that people who drink alcohol in moderation are less likely to develop COPD or COPD symptoms than people who do not drink alcohol. While informative, ciliostasis is not a very physiologic endpoint and the extremely high and biologically irrelevant concentrations of alcohol used in these early studies limit their applicability. Other irritants can cause COPD, including cigar smoke, secondhand smoke, pipe smoke, air pollution, and workplace exposure to dust, smoke or fumes. However, for people with chronic diseases like COPD, the mild toxic effects of alcohol may sometimes pose more of a risk. The Reframe app equips you with the knowledge and skills you need to not only survive drinking less, but to thrive while you navigate the journey. Symptoms and Causes Direct effects of alcohol on airway smooth muscle function have been suggested by some studies. A study of isolated guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle tone demonstrated that alcohol causes concentration-dependent contraction of airway smooth muscle (Jakupi et al., 1986). This effect was partially reduced by histamine or the alpha-adrenergic blockade, but completed abolished by calcium channel blockade, suggesting a calcium flux mediated alcohol-triggered airway smooth muscle contraction in this model. The high concentrations of alcohol used in this study undermine the applicability of these findings. Heart-healthy nutrition tips The term “whiskey bronchitis” is an expression that was often used to describe the high prevalence of bronchitis in alcoholics (Lyons et al., 1986). Such common clinical observations likely prompted George Burch to write a provocative editorial in 1967 in the American Heart Journal entitled “Alcoholic lung disease-An hypothesis” (Burch and DePasquale, 1967). In this editorial he made a cogent case for the lung being a prime candidate for alcohol-induced tissue injury. Nevertheless, alcohol-fed rats released five times more activated TGF-β1 into the alveolar airspaces than did nondrinking rats in the presence of bacterial toxins in their blood (i.e., during endotoxemia). Additional studies using alveolar epithelial cell layers derived from these alcohol-fed rats found that this permeability defect was inhibited by neutralizing antibodies to TGF-β1 (Bechara et al. 2004). Researchers have not found clear evidence that drinking alcohol can directly cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Exceeding these daily or weekly drinking limits significantly increases the risk of developing AUD and problematic health outcomes (NIAAA 2014). A third route of alcohol exposure, unique to the lung, is by inhalation. Zuskin exposed healthy volunteers to a nebulized solution of 25% alcohol in water and measured flow rates and spirometry (Zuskin et al., 1981). Compared to nebulized saline, nebulized alcohol triggered coughing and caused a small but significant reduction in airflow that persisted for 90 minutes in all subjects, consistent with an irritant effect. This was anecdotally confirmed in case reports of two mild asthmatics who developed bronchospasm following exposure to 20% aerosolized ethanol alone as part of a drug safety protocol (Hooper et al., 1995). These authors concluded that the use of ethanol as a carrier for inhaled drug formulations is unpredictable and potentially hazardous in asthmatics (Hooper et al., 1995). Soon after this finding was published, intermittent reports on the use of oral administration of pure alcohol diluted in water for treatment of asthma appear (Leffman, 1885; Richardson, 1881). Indeed, the use of alcohol as a treatment was widespread by physicians in the United States well into the early 20th century until Prohibition when its use was officially renounced by the American Medical Association (AMA, choosing a drug rehab addiction program 1922). Following the repeal of Prohibition in 1933, more rigorous studies using alcohol as a treatment for asthma began to appear. Those who suffer from COPD are also at an increased risk for social isolation, depression, and other mental health conditions. Many people who struggle with these co-occurring mental health conditions may turn to alcohol as a way to relieve their emotional pain or anxieties. The cilia in your lungs can be damaged by heavy alcohol abuse, potentially causing more mucus to stay in your lungs. Finally, drinking alcohol in combination with anti-anxiety and antidepressant medications can have severe, and even deadly effects. Consuming them together can cause you to become excessively sedated and cause dangerous spikes in blood pressure. In the most severe cases, mixing alcohol and antidepressants

Alcohol and Depression: How to Treat Co-Occurring Issues

No matter your drink of choice, alcohol can easily be abused and often is, especially when it’s used to self-medicate. Pouring yourself a glass of wine or cracking a beer at the end of a long day may temporarily relieve feelings of depression, because alcohol acts as a sedative, but it will exacerbate those feelings and actually intensify them. That’s why your doctor or psychologist will work with you to create a treatment approach that addresses both issues. If not treated, alcohol use disorder can become a life-long struggle. Almost 30 percent of Americans will experience alcohol use disorder at some point in their lifetimes. What is borderline personality disorder (BPD)? Medical detox is typically considered the optimal method for allowing alcohol to safely process out of the body while under continual medical supervision. When people have difficulty controlling impulses, trouble regulating their emotions, or may present a danger to themselves and/or others, medical detox is required. Medical detox programs are often the first stage in a comprehensive addiction treatment program. Getting help if you’re worried about your drinking Rather, it is an unpleasant but common emotion that everyone experiences from time to time. However, feeling uncontrollable, maladaptive, or otherwise inappropriate anger can signal an underlying problem, particularly when you also have symptoms of depression. Finally, the etiology, course, and treatment of both AUD and depression differ substantially by gender. Women have been underrepresented in much of the research on co-occurring AUD and depressive disorders, particularly in the early research on this topic. The research needs more representation of women to increase understanding of the sex differences and to better characterize the mechanisms underlying women’s heightened vulnerability for depressive disorders. These populations experience disparities in access to care for AUD and depressive disorders but are underrepresented in studies of these disorders. Alcohol recovery and anger management co-treatments Users of psychoactive substances had elevated anger scores compared to non-users, which represents a high risk of relapse. It is suggested that PSU treatment programs include intensive anger management modules, focusing on factors such as dealing with daily stressors, family conflicts, frustrations, and problems. The journal Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology crack addiction symptoms and treatment reports on studies showing that alcohol can increase aggression in both men and women, but more so in men. Alcohol impairs a person’s executive functioning, making it harder for them to think clearly and make rational decisions. Impulse control is affected, and individuals under the influence of alcohol may have a shorter fuse than they otherwise would. Stick to moderate drinking Interestingly, those in the control group tended to misidentify expressions as happy. Mental rigidity and alcohol consumption have been explored as contributing to domestic violence. One such study included 136 men with a history of intimate partner violence (IPV) (Estruch, 2017). The individuals who had higher mental rigidity had lower empathy and perception of the severity of IPV. Additionally, they reported higher alcohol use and hostile sexism than those lower in mental rigidity. A lifelong habit of suppressing emotions can make it harder to name and work through those feelings. As a result, men might also have a harder time recognizing depression symptoms, or linking their anger to depression. This may be due to various factors, such as people attempting to self-medicate with alcohol. Major depressive disorder If your teen has bothersome side effects, he or she shouldn’t stop taking an antidepressant without talking to the doctor first. Some antidepressants can cause withdrawal symptoms unless the dose is slowly tapered off — quitting suddenly may cause a sudden worsening of depression. To work properly, antidepressants need to be taken consistently at the prescribed dose. Because overdose can be a risk for teens with depression, the doctor may prescribe only small supplies of pills at a time, or recommend that you dole out medication so that your teen does not have a large amount of pills available at once. Locking up all pills in the home is one measure families can take to reduce the risk of suicide. While you may not realize it, this persistent anger could actually be a sign of depression. Genetic, biological, environmental, and social factors may also play a role. Individuals could seek integrated treatment and support, which typically has better results than treatment for either a mental health disorder or AUD alone. Healthcare professionals may combine treatments for bipolar disorder and AUD. This may include adding AUD medication, psychotherapy aimed at AUD treatment, and a 12-step program to bipolar treatment. It was found that thought suppression mediated the association between the toughness masculine norm and alcohol-related aggression. « Therapeutic interventions designed to address both issues often include a focus on addressing emotional pain or trauma, as well as developing and practicing healthy coping behaviors, » says Kennedy. Whether you’re experiencing depression or not, it’s essential to evaluate your drinking habits and consider why you drink, when you drink, and how you feel when you drink. Depending on your intoxication level, you may experience decreased inhibition, loss of judgment, confusion, and mood swings, among others. The World Health Organization (WHO) warns that alcohol interferes with a person’s cognitive and physical functioning, inhibiting self-control and making it more difficult for a person to recognize when things have gone too far. Dopamine produces positive emotions that make you feel good and help reinforce your desire to drink, but alcohol affects your central nervous system in other ways, too. You might feel depressed after drinking because alcohol itself is a depressant. If you find yourself in a situation with someone who is angry while intoxicated, the first step is to assess your level of ecstasy mdma: uses effects risks risk. There’s a difference in safety between someone who is expressing anger verbally and one who has become physically aggressive. While anger can underlie aggression, you can be angry and not aggressive or aggressive without being angry. When alcohol suppresses these regulatory functions, it can affect how you express your thoughts and emotions, including anger. Specifically, some studies

Acute reversible left ventricular dysfunction secondary to alcohol PMC

According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), AUD is a brain disorder that doctors characterize by the inability to stop or control alcohol consumption. This inability occurs despite adverse effects on the person’s health, occupation, or relationships. The heart’s LV attempts to compensate for this damage by enlarging to achieve a higher blood output. This eventually limits the heart’s ability to pump oxygen-rich blood around the body. Treatment / Management The pathophysiology of AC involves a combination of direct toxic effects of alcohol on the myocardium, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and genetic susceptibility. In all ACM studies, inclusion of patients is based on patients’ self-reported alcohol drinking habits, which may lead to alcoholic cardiomyopathy an underestimation of the prevalence of ACM together with problematic identification of patients who abstain and those who continue drinking. Furthermore, in many of these reports, comorbid conditions, especially myocarditis and other addictions such as cocaine and nicotine, were not reported. Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy and Your Health Women are at a higher risk to develop osteoporosis than men, but both men and women can develop the disorder. Healthcare providers perform this procedure to treat a heart condition called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Supportive care for withdrawal is especially important because some of its symptoms can be severe or even life-threatening. If you are a heavy drinker, talking to a primary care provider can help keep this condition from becoming even more severe in the future, or even prevent it from happening. Individuals who suffer from cirrhosis of the liver have a potentially fatal condition. The liver is the major organ in the body that is responsible for eliminating waste products and other toxic substances from the system. When an individual drinks excessive amounts of alcohol, the person’s liver begins to metabolize the alcohol in order to rid the toxin from the body. Alcohol is metabolized before other substances, and the liver needs to work excessively hard to perform its functions when a person drinks large amounts of alcohol. As pointed out before, the current accepted definition of ACM probably underestimates the number of women affected by the disease. Alcohol affects heart function and is dependent on the quantity of alcohol that the heart is exposed to. Basic studies on molecular mechanisms of myocardial damage This condition causes the heart tissue to thicken and stiffen, which leads to problems with how blood pumps out of your heart. Alcohol-induced cardiomyopathy treatment includes a combination of lifestyle modifications, pharmacological treatment, management of arrhythmia, and supportive care. The key to diagnosis is a personal history of chronic heavy alcohol use and the absence of other etiologies. Certain microscopic features may suggest damage secondary to alcohol causing cardiomyopathy. Commonly seen cellular structural alterations include changes in the mitochondrial reticulum, cluster formation of mitochondria and disappearance of inter-mitochondrial junctions. In general, you should talk to your healthcare provider if you notice changes in your symptoms over time, especially if they are starting to affect your normal life and routine. Although some studies have detailed structural and functional damage in proportion to the amount of alcohol consumed during a patient’s lifetime[24], a large majority of authors have discarded this theory[21-23,25]. Some of the above tests may also use materials injected into your bloodstream that are highly visible on certain types of imaging scans. Diastolic dysfunction, characterized by impaired left ventricular relaxation and reduced diastolic filling capacity, serves as an early indicator of ACM. A person can speak with a doctor about any concerns regarding lifestyle changes. This can be understood through clinical observations that highlight the mitochondria as the main target of oxidative damage. When reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced in excessive manners due to heavy alcohol consumption, it damages mitochondrial DNA, resulting in mitochondrial injuries. Surprisingly, the damaged mitochondria not only become less efficient but also increases the generation of ROS that aid the apoptosis process. Furthermore, in contrast to nuclear DNA, mitochondrial DNA is susceptible to oxidative stress due to its close proximity to the formation of ROS and the limited protective mechanisms in place to safeguard DNA integrity. Post-mortem biopsies from the hearts of human alcoholics revealed that the myocardial mitochondria is enlarged and damaged [1-9]. Unfortunately, all the available reports were completed at a time when a majority of the current heart failure therapies were not available (Table ​(Table11). One of the few papers analysing genetic susceptibility in ACM was published by Fernández-Solà et al[64] in 2002. He compared the prevalence of different polymorphisms of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene in 30 ACM patients and in 27 alcoholics with normal ventricular function. Furthermore, 89% of the alcoholics with a DD genotype developed ACM, whereas only 13% of those with an II or ID genotype developed this condition. However, this individual susceptibility mediated by polymorphisms of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene does not appear to be specific to ACM insofar as several diseases, including some that are not of a cardiologic origin, have been related to this genetic finding[65]. How can I prevent this condition or reduce my risk? In addition, it provides information not only on overall heart size and function, but on valvular structure and function, wall motion and thickness, and pericardial disease. In some cases, a pacemaker or other implantable device might be necessary to treat more severe heart rhythm problems. This condition tends to be worse the more you drink and/or the longer you were a heavy drinker. It is characterized by ventricular dilation and impairment in cardiac function. However, for others, the effects of alcohol-induced cardiomyopathy may be life-long. Even in cases where people can undergo a heart transplant, individuals with a history of alcohol-induced cardiomyopathy are more likely to face other health problems down the road. In many — if not most — cases, abstaining from alcohol can be enough to help people recover from alcohol-induced cardiomyopathy. In cases where people don’t recover fully by abstaining from alcohol, most people will still see noticeable improvements in their symptoms. In some cases, even just reducing